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Top 15 Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete

Sep 13, 2017 The factors affecting the strength of concrete are mentioned below. These factors can be either dependent or independent of each other when comes to the concrete strength. Most of the factors are interrelated in certain means. The primary factor that has a higher influence on the strength of the concrete is the mix design factors

Factors Affecting Concrete Mix Design Strength

Factors Affecting Concrete Mix Design Strength. The above stated design strength variable factors are explained below based on different theories and specifications. 1. Water/cement ratio. Water to cement ratio (W/C ratio) is the single most important factor governing the strength and durability of concrete.

Factors Affecting Strength and Durability of Concrete Made

Factors Affecting Strength and Durability of Concrete Made with Various Cements K. RosE, B. B. HoPE, AND A. K. C. IP This investigation examined variables influencing the 28-day com­ pressive strength and SO-cycle salt scaling loss of concretes made with 18 Type 10 cements. Statistical analysis was performed on

What is Concrete Strength and what are the factors

strength of cement v/s strength of concrete It is not possible to design a concrete mix of high strength with cement of low strength. The variation in strength of cement is due largely to the lack of uniformity in the raw materials used in its manufacture, not only between different source of supply, but also with in a quarry.

A Study OF Factors Affecting The Flexural Tensile Strength

Many factors have been shown to influence the flexural tensile strength of concrete, particularly the level of stress, size, age and confinement to concrete flexure member etc.

Effect of Aggregate Size on Strength| Concrete

Mar 01, 1980 If, however, the two mixes are designed for the same slump and workability, and with the same cement content, the mix with l/2-inch aggregate is likely to be somewhat stronger, because its water-cement ratio will be lower. However this increase in strength may not be significant because of other factors that affect strength.

What are some ways to increase the strength of a concrete

Factors affecting concrete strength There are many relevant factors; some of the more important follow: Concrete porosity: voids in concrete can be filled with air or with water. Air voids are an obvious and easily-visible example of pores in conc...


The proportions resulting from concrete mix design are tested for their strength with the help of compressive strength test on concrete cubes and cylinders (Peterson, 1999) Two types of Concrete mix design: 1. Nominal concrete mix 2. Designed concrete mix Nominal concrete mixes are those specified by standard codes for common construction works.

A study of factors affecting the flexural tensile strength

Jul 01, 2016 The equations proposed to determine the flexural tensile strength are of the power equation type: flexural tensile strength, f r = bf c n where f c is the compressive strength of the concrete and, b (varies from 0.33 to 0.94) and n (1/2 or 2/3) are coefficients which depend on factors such as strength levels, aggregate properties and mineralogy


coarse aggregate contents with aggregate volume factors (ACI 211.1-91) of0.75 and 0.67. Water-to-cementitious material ratios range from 0.24 to 0.50. strength concrete containing limestone yield higher fracture energies with higher aggregate was supplied by Geiger Ready-Mix and Iron Mountain Trap Rock Company. Additional

Evaluating Cracking in Concrete Giatec Scientific Inc

Aug 17, 2019 These factors include the amount and rate of shrinkage, the degree of restraint, the modulus of elasticity, and the amount of creep. Additional factors to be aware of include the type of aggregate, water content, binder type, and the concrete’s mix proportions and mechanical properties. Learn More About Optimizing Your Concrete Mix Design Here!

The Effect of Aggregate Properties on Concrete

The Effect of Aggregate Properties on Concrete Concrete is a mixture of cementious material, aggregate, and water. Aggregate is commonly considered inert filler, which accounts for 60 to 80 percent of the volume and 70 to 85 percent of the weight of concrete.

Tutorial 4 Concrete .pdf ATGB1053 BUILDING MATERIALS

ATGB1053 BUILDING MATERIALS TUTORIAL FACULTY OF BUILT ENVIRONMENT TUTORIAL 4 : CONCRETE 1) List out Five Factors affecting Properties of Concrete W/C ratio Agg/Cement ratio Grading, surface texture, shape, strength and stiffness of aggregate particles Temperature Curing Admixtures Type of cement Humidity MOE 2) Explain the following terms: i) Curing of concrete

Concrete Technology for Android Free download and

Nondestructive Quality Test 40. Pull out test 41. Elasticity 42. Poisson's ratio 43. Shrinkage 44. Creep 45. Mix design 46. Factors affecting Mix design 47. Examples of Concrete Mix

Is excessive cement in concrete harmful and why? Quora

Sep 22, 2020 Yes, excessive cement can be harmful. There are some excellent answers here, we will provide a little bit more information on mix design and hydration. The goal of a concrete mix design is to have balanced proportions of the main ingredients. An e...

Curing Concrete Normal, Hot and Cold Weather

Concrete that is allowed to dry in air will gain only 50% of the strength of continuously moist-cured concrete. Lack of water also causes the concrete to shrink, which leads to tensile stresses within the concrete. As a result, surface cracking may occur, especially if the stresses develop before the concrete attains adequate tensile strength.


The proportions resulting from concrete mix design are tested for their strength with the help of compressive strength test on concrete cubes and cylinders (Peterson, 1999) Two types of Concrete mix design: 1. Nominal concrete mix 2. Designed concrete mix Nominal concrete mixes are those specified by standard codes for common construction works.

7 Methods for Testing Concrete Strength For Construction

Jun 11, 2019 The accuracy of your strength data will also increase as using multiple methods will help account for influencing factors, such as cement type,

Solved: Answer The Following Questions; Q1) A. (a) What Ar

(b) Describe the factors affecting strength of concrete. B. (a) What are the factors affecting workability of concrete? (b) Describe the various defects in concrete. What precautions should be exercised to prevent them? C. Describe briefly the following: (a) Vee-Bee Test (b) Factors affecting durability of concrete D.

The Effects Of Temperature On Concrete During Installation

Oct 04, 2017 Increased temperatures affect increasing initial power while reducing strength in the long term. Temperature variations can have effects on different properties of concrete. Early high temperatures affect the later strength of concrete, as this increases the hydration and leads to a non-uniform distribution of the products of hydration.

Electrical Resistivity of Concrete for Durability

Degradation processes in reinforced concrete structures that affect durability are partially controlled by transport of aggressive ions through the concrete microstructure. Ions are charged and the ability of concrete to hold out against transfer of ions greatly relies on its electrical resistivity. Hence, a connection could be expected between electrical resistivity of concrete

How Extra Water Affects Concrete Quality Cemen Tech

Jul 22, 2019 When delivering concrete throughout the year, especially during the summer, customers may request extra water to the mix for easier concrete placement. Be careful! What many don’t realize is excessive water in the mix design can result in a lesser strength and quality final product. The strength and durability depend on factors such as:

Environmental impact of concrete Wikipedia

The environmental impact of concrete, its manufacture and applications, are complex.Some effects are harmful; others welcome. Many depend on circumstances. A major component of concrete is cement, which has its own environmental and social impacts and contributes largely to those of concrete.. The cement industry is one of the main producers of carbon dioxide, a

Choosing the Right Concrete Mix Fine Homebuilding

Concrete is composed of three main ingredients: Portland cement, water, and aggregate (both fine and coarse). The proportioning of those ingredients is the main factor that determines the concrete’s strength, durability, workability, and cost. Cement. Cement is the glue in a concrete mix.

Cracks in Concrete -- the Causes and Cures| Concrete

The concrete itself contains many elements that affect cracks. Water is a big one. It has been found the more water used, the greater the cracking tendency because water both increases shrinkage and reduces strength. The amount of cement is also important; in general the richer concretes crack more.

Fiber Reinforced Concrete Types, Properties and Advantages

Generally fibres do not increase the flexural strength of concrete, so it can not replace moment resisting or structural steel reinforcement. Some fibres reduce the strength of concrete. The amount of fibres added to a concrete mix is measured as a percentage of the total volume of the composite (concrete and fibres) termed volume fraction (V f).

Plasticizer Wikipedia

The strength of concrete is inversely proportional to the amount of water added, i.e., the water-cement (w/c) ratio. In order to produce stronger concrete, less water is added (without "starving" the mix), which makes the concrete mixture less workable and difficult to mix, necessitating the use of plasticizers, water reducers